Living Planet Index


Living Planet Report


The 2016 Living Planet Report is the eleventh edition of WWF's flagship publication. The biennial report, produced in collaboration with the Zoological Society of London and the Global Footprint Network, uses the global LPI as a measure of the health of 14,152 populations of 3,706 species. Download the full report here and access the data behind the global LPI below.

The main statistic from the report is the global LPI which shows a 58% decline between 1970 and 2012. This means that, on average, animal populations are roughly half the size they were in 42 years ago.

Global LPI


Figure 1: The global LPI shows a 58% decline between 1970 and 2012. The white line shows the index values and the shaded areas represent the 95% confidence intervals surrounding the trend. WWF/ZSL (2016)


The LPI can be divided into terrestrial, freshwater and marine indices to show how trends vary in different ecosystems. Freshwater species populations have suffered an 81% decline, an average loss much greater than that of land and marine species.


 LPIs for system


Figure 2: The system LPIs shows the trends for freshwater (81%), terrestrial (38%) and marine (36%) between 1970 and 2012. WWF/ZSL (2016)


The data behind the global LPI is available and can be used subject to our data use policy. Please read and agree to the policy before clicking on the link below to download the csv file. This data set contains the raw population time-series data behind the global LPI in Figure 1, with the exception of 3,085 time-series which we are not permitted to share publicly. Global LPI data 2016 - download file



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